The microchip also is embedded with flexible electronics connected to the sensor, enabling data to be transmitted wirelessly to the app for on-site assessment and analysis in real-time. Data is sent to the patient's paired mobile device, on which it is stored and analysed. This processor also is powered by a rechargeable battery. In the study, we used disposable infusion needles with a new type separation-free safety tube for the patients in the intervention group and conventional ones with a self-contained protective cover in the control group. Patients in both groups volunteered to participate and had signed informed consent.
Six ward nurses with proficiency in the conventional infusion operation were selected, including 2 nurses working for 1-3 years, 2 for 3-5 years, and 2 for over 5 years. Before the project, all of them were trained in the operation of this new type safety tube and qualified. In the control group, conventional disposable infusion needles were used. After breathing, the self-contained protective cover was discarded, and the needle was fixed after acupuncture, then separated from the infusion set into a sharps box at the end. Patients in the intervention group were treated with new disposable infusion sets. The specific operation steps were as follows: (1) Instead of being removed after breathing, the safety tube slid to the flexible tube when the fin of the needle was pushed along the slit to make the needle out of the tube. Then, the infusion operation was as the same as the control group. (2) After infusion, the needle was removed. The upper end of the flexible tube away from the needle was raised, and the needle side was lowered to make the safety tube slide down to the needle side. Then, the fin was pushed to slide along the slit into the rectangular hole. The needle was thus blocked, and the whole infusion set was disposed into a special collection bag.